24시출장샵
  • 창원마사지 알바
  • 천안출장샵
  • 원주출장안마
  • 곡성일본 마사지
  • 창원출장샵➵24시출장샵╊창원발바닥 마사지〈창원울산 동구 마사지〉✉〈창원공덕 마사지〉﹄창원전립선 마사지 썰➻창원인도 마사지♦창원김포 마사지オ창원안마방 태국♩창원이천 마사지

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    대전출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    창원출장샵┃출장부르는법→창원발바닥 마사지〈창원전주 여관〉╩〈창원수원 안마방〉✿창원금정 마사지ム창원출장 보증금☽창원배곧 마사지☎창원안마방 한국야동.창원fc 마사지

    The governments of more than 190 nations 전주타이 마사지 토렌트 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    창원출장샵┌예약금없는출장샵¤창원발바닥 마사지〈창원마사지 강간〉☜〈창원태국 여행 마사지〉✿창원광혜원 마사지“창원상봉 안마방ハ창원정읍 안마방◇창원만남➻창원안마방 순서

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    창원출장샵⇤출장부르는법▶창원발바닥 마사지〈창원안마방 물다이〉♙〈창원온천장 안마방〉⇦창원노포 안마방➵창원이반 마사지└창원판교 마사지↗창원마사지 검색⇀창원남성 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 군산출장안마 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    창원출장샵↟예약금없는출장샵υ창원발바닥 마사지〈창원오피스 걸〉❤〈창원광명사거리 안마방〉⊙창원손목 마사지✌창원김천 마사지モ창원양평 안마방◊창원호치민 마사지 추천↦창원태국마사지 가격

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 광주오사카 안마방 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    창원출장샵◤예약금없는출장샵╛창원발바닥 마사지〈창원안마방 커뮤니티〉ウ〈창원출장서비스〉[창원선릉역 마사지☏창원신흥 안마방⇚창원천안 출장⇈창원방콕 에스코트◐창원건식 마사지

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 천안출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    창원출장샵창원석남동 안마방

  • 고령평택역 안마방
  • 창원안마방 후기
  • 창원출장샵
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    창원출장샵☄예약✓창원발바닥 마사지〈창원호치민 호텔 마사지〉❃〈창원일본 마사지 토렌트〉ⓞ창원진주 마사지✄창원마사지 일본어╣창원안마방 시스템╛창원보지 마사지►창원안마방 가격

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 청도안마방 오전 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 카지노사이트 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    서울출장샵
    서천예약금 없는 출장 광주출장샵 고성부평 마사지 샵
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 서울출장샵 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    창원출장샵▷출장부르는법ⓛ창원발바닥 마사지〈창원마사지 야동 토렌트〉⇠〈창원김천 마사지〉♣창원안마방 발기╬창원안마방 백마⇪창원안마방 레베카⇥창원전립선 마사지 기구⇞창원산본 안마방

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 군산타이 마사지 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    창원출장샵♘24시출장샵❣창원발바닥 마사지〈창원안마방 욕〉↖〈창원지압 나무위키〉☋창원텔레그램 야동↘창원김연아 안마방↗창원서울 출장샵┡창원타이마사지 추천☜창원영천 안마방

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 천안출장샵 .

    수원마사지 품번 추천
    동인천일본 안마방 야동 원주출장샵 목포오류동 안마방
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    창원출장샵➻24시출장샵♐창원발바닥 마사지〈창원aktkwl〉╗〈창원홍콩 안마방〉❤창원문정동 마사지↽창원스즈하라 에미리 마사지╔창원안마▧창원송우리 안마방►창원구글재펜

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 서울출장안마 .

    창원출장샵╇출장부르는법♤창원발바닥 마사지〈창원모유수유 마사지〉☼〈창원1인 마사지〉☄창원안마방 키스⇖창원타이 아로마 마사지╖창원송탄 안마방☻창원장 마사지═창원용인 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 온라인카지노 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 인제남친 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    창원출장샵υ예약금없는출장샵✄창원발바닥 마사지〈창원허벅지 마사지〉→〈창원금정역 안마방〉■창원안마방 추천☼창원창동 안마방➵창원안마방 토렌트オ창원마사지 ssul↓창원진주 안마방

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    창원출장샵◘예약↶창원발바닥 마사지〈창원저주파 마사지〉➷〈창원안마방 핸드폰〉☋창원평택역 안마방﹄창원냉정 안마방↺창원선릉역 마사지▧창원세종시 안마방⊥창원탄트라 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 사천퇴폐 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 바카라사이트 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 카지노사이트 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 합천중국식 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 대구출장샵 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    창원출장샵♤출장부르는법シ창원발바닥 마사지〈창원전민동 마사지〉ロ〈창원강릉 안마방〉♡창원정자역 마사지√창원군대 안마방↷창원안마방 수원┨창원판상근 마사지┌창원영통 마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 창원출장안마 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 대전출장안마 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and loveyangju.xyz showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    창원출장샵﹃출장부르는법☀창원발바닥 마사지〈창원상록수 안마방〉☼〈창원안마방 섹스〉╨창원출장안마야한곳♂창원계룡시 안마방☢창원코 마사지 전후↞창원부산 모텔 촌■창원일본 마사지

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    전주수유역 아로마 마사지
    전주출장안마 영월군산 모텔 가격 온라인카지노
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    창원출장샵↙예약금없는출장샵ム창원발바닥 마사지〈창원전립선 마사지 부작용〉♥〈창원처음 안마방〉₪창원지저분한 섹스 나고야 여성 마사지ホ창원안마방 물다이 몰카⇌창원귀두 마사지↕창원서현역 안마방☺창원강남 안마방 내상

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.창원출장샵창원마사지 트위터☆창원필고£〈창원무릎 마사지〉창원안마방 야간❀창원연동 안마방╔창원출장 타이 마사지✓창원러브젤 마사지╧창원출장안마예약금없는출장샵창원마사지 초대♫창원존슨즈 베이비 오일 마사지♂『창원강남역 안마방』창원텀블러 안마방◊창원출장샵◦창원세븐 안마방◎창원출장마사wl♨창원출장샵홍성송파 안마방창원안마방 조루〓창원부부 마사지♠〖창원와이프 마사지〗창원야동 실제◢창원금정 안마방ェ창원조건 만남 카페┷창원광주 모텔 추천╍창원삿포로 안마방↴창원국산 안마방 몰카↸﹛창원스킨쉽 마사지﹜창원산호동 마사지↪창원충주 마사지╤창원연신내 마사지⇍창원남성전용 마사지➵창원정준하 마사지◑창원조건 만남 카페☴《창원op》창원대구 안마방 후기┨창원제주도 안마방▤창원아로마마사지 꿀팁⇚창원평촌 마사지⇜창원태국 마사지 종류═창원평택 여관↢﹝창원태국 에스코트 비용﹞창원속초 안마방┺창원정선 마사지⇏창원서울 마사지 홈 서비스▶창원영통 마사지♪출장부르는법보령한국야동 안마방예약금없는출장샵창원문산 안마방♦창원안마방 아줌마◐(창원정관 마사지)창원영천 안마방ρ창원출장샵추천♞창원유두 마사지┙창원국산 안마방☭창원출장샵창원출장샵군산출장안마창원구미 여관창원1인 마사지창원안마방 김치남창원삼송역 안마방창원출장샵창원장기동 안마방⇘창원마사지 ssul⊙〈창원국산_신작_안마방〉창원안마방 미러▪창원마사지 토렌⇂창원안마방 움짤↚창원눈 마사지 기계┌포항마사지 품번 추천

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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